Real-estate is property that consists of land, buildings, sheds and other items attached to it. This can be divided into three groups: industrial, residential and commercial. Examples of real-estate are houses, undeveloped land, condominiums, office buildings, townhouses, factories and retail store buildings.
The real-estate market deals with buying and selling land and buildings. This market has two types of interest: leasehold and ownership. The leasehold interest grants certain rights to a tenant in exchange for the payment of rent. The ownership interest takes full control of and responsibility for the land and buildings.
When trading in real-estate, flipping houses can be done with the aim of purchasing a property and then turning it around and reselling it at a higher price. This type of trading enables the investors to minimize their costs of ownership. The flippers usually do not make any improvements to their properties, since these improvements may be time-consuming and expensive. Yet there are flippers who decide to do it long-term and improve the property to increase its value on the market.
Investing in real-estate can be made easy through use of a real-estate agent. These are people who have a state or provincial license to represent a buyer or a seller in a real estate transaction. This is done in exchange for a commission. The agents have duties such as listing the property of the seller to the public, providing the seller with a real property condition disclosure, preparing the necessary papers that describe the property for advertising and pamphlets, and serving as a contact available to answer any questions about the property and scheduling appointments with potential buyers. The real-estate agent can also pre-screen the buyers to make sure that they are financially qualified to buy the property.
Financing for real-estate can be done through owner financing or seller financing. In owner financing, the agreement will be whatever the buyer and seller agree to at the time of sale. This arrangement provides a good option if the buyer is unable to qualify for a mortgage loan. Both the buyer and seller can hire their own Realtor to decide the value of the property. The seller will then receive an appraisal to select a price for the home, and the buyer gets one that confirms that the selling price is fair. The necessary paperwork is done by a real-estate attorney and a residential mortgage loan originator who provides the seller with information that is required to make an educated lending decision, and the buyer with a transparent transaction that will limit any future issues. A fair down payment and interest rate is also discussed. The seller can then decide to have a designated person who will collect and manage payments.
Seller financing can be used in cases where the credit market is tight. It allows buyers to benefit from the qualifying and down payment requirements that are less stringent. Buyers will also have flexible rates, and loan terms that are better. This is a more friendly form of financing to the buyer as the prices of mortgages are usually high. The sellers take on the role of the lender, but instead of giving cash to the buyer, the seller extends credit to the buyer for the buying price of the property. This excludes any down payment. The buyer and seller will both sign a promissory note containing the terms.
In circumstances where the buyers stop making payments towards the real-estate property, the lenders can begin the legal process of foreclosure. This process enables the lender to sell the property and keep the proceeds to pay off its mortgage and any legal costs. In some cases, when foreclosures are approved, the property is auctioned to the highest bidder to try to recover the amounts owed. In others, the property is sold off directly by the lender. In certain cases the lenders can make adjustments to the borrower’s repayments to make them affordable and avoid foreclosure.
As you can see from the brief overview above, the real estate market can be confusing and complicated. Some people turn to a real estate mentor for advice before jumping into the market. You may want to consider that as well.